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KCAP and Felixx win competition to "typhoon-proof" Shenzhen's east coast
China Architecture News - Sep 12, 2019 - 06:25 2089 views
KCAP and FELIXX have won an international competition for the redevelopment of the 130-kilometer coastline of Dapeng, a green peninsula in the bay between Hong Kong and Shenzhen, severely damaged by the 2018 typhoon Mangkhut on the infrastructure of the peninsula to various degrees.
An international competition was launched to develop a plan to restore the coastline and raise protection standards against the more frequent occurrence of extreme weather events. KCAP and FELIXX developed the "Triple dike strategy", a multifaceted dike system that allows for an integrated approach towards the climate adaptive reorganization of the shore.
The team will implement water safety strategies that are connected to eco-development and nature restoration. This creates a resilient framework for social and economic growth. For 32 kilometers of coastline, KCAP and FELIXX are developing this concept into six strategic implementation projects. Realization of the project starts this year, and is expected to be completed in 2021.
"The triple dike moves away from a generic protection wall along the coast, towards the creation of three development zones, carefully embedded in current conditions and responding to the specific future needs of every single area," said KCAP + FELIXX.
"The 1st ‘outer’ dike zone increases the resiliency through wave attenuation, erosion reduction and the enhancement of sedimentation. The 2nd ‘middle’ dike is an elevated embankment, to stop the storm surge and the water pushed up by the waves."
It’s not a big wall but a multifunctional zone: an exciting hilly park, an elevated waterfront with urban promenades, a tidal park or even a public building. The 3rd ‘inner’ dike is a hybrid structure which manages the rainwater following the principle of a sponge city.
All runoff from adjacent villages and mountains is buffered, delayed and temporarily stored in rain-parks, raingardens, wet forests, wetlands and green streets.
KCAP and FELIXX will set a productive resilience strategy for the development. Dapeng is a mountainous peninsula with lush forests, intersected by riverbeds and creeks, connected to the sea with fantastic sand beaches and impressive rockeries. It offers an extraordinary lush and green environment in the direct proximity of Hongkong and Shenzhen.
Along the shore, several small villages originate from fishing communities. Dapeng’s cultural resources and natural settings have fostered the development of tourism, within a vast expending metropolitan area with about 20 million inhabitants. The application of the triple-dike provides a framework to enhance these existing qualities while unlocking potentials for growth.
The small-scale identity of the villages is protected by locating new developments within the existing boundaries. Each village’s specific character is strengthened to amplify the rich variation of recreational facilities.
To minimize the infrastructural impact on the island, the team enhance connectivity from the water. An interconnected mountain and marine landscape boosts the ecological functioning of the peninsula.
Topic: Masterplan for a typhoon resilient landscape
Team: KCAP + Felixx
Location: Shenzhen, China
Year: 2019 – ongoing
Area: 130 km coastline
Status: tender won, preliminary and detailed design for 6 villages in progress
Client: Water resource bureau of Shenzhen Municipality
Contractor: China Resource Group
Landscape LDI: Hope Landscape & Architecture
Engineer LDI: China Water Transport Planning & Design Institute
Coastal defence and ecology consultant: Deltares
All images © KCAP + Felixx