Submitted by Farzam Kharvari

Architecture, Mistakes, and Vines: The Geodesic Dome of Hamedan

Iran - Mar 6, 2018 - 01:00   6889 views

“A doctor can bury his mistakes, but an architect can only advise his clients to plant vines," had said Frank Lloyd Wright. 

But what happens if your work of architecture is so big that even vines can’t cover your mistake?

In 2004, Municipality of Hamedan proposed a cultural project, named “Holy Quran Hall of Hamedan”. The purpose of the project was to create a cultural hub for people and to hold different conferences and conventions in the building. It had taken 2 years for the municipality to determine the best location for the project. The final decision was to allocate one of the most expensive municipality’s lot to the project in Eram boulevard of Hamedan, and later, they tried to hire architects from Tehran for the project. Abdol Hamid Noghrekar, a renowned traditionalist who works mainly based on Islamic architecture of Iran, was the first choice for the municipality. Noghrekar offered Saeid Alitajer, a local architect in Hamedan with the same orientation as Noghrekar, to the municipality of Hamedan. Subsequently, Alitajer became the architect in charge for designing the project.

The Holy Quran Hall of Hamedan. Image © Mohammad Javad Kasae

One of the 5 principles that traditionalists insist on, is the use of indigenous materials, which was first introduced by Mohammad Karim Pirnia. Many of current traditionalists believe in using the state of the art technology for their designs to improve it. Simultaneously, they believe that the architect of a work of architecture should remain unknown as it was before the modernism. What they mean by this, is that they believe an architect should not design extraordinary projects, which are not in accordance with the architectural mainstream or better said “style” and avoid egotism. They state that the modernism and some postmodern movements are nefarious and wicked and caused all the troubles of the modern man.

The Holy Quran Hall of Hamedan. Image © Mohammad Javad Kasae

Holy Quran Hall of Hamedan demonstrates the traditional plan and façade. But what made it controversial is its high-tech geodesic dome. In early stages of design, the architect wanted to cover it with some special kind of panels that were going to be imported from Germany. These panels could withstand the prevailing winds of Hamedan. Soon after, import of the panels were not possible due to some circumstances in Iran. This caused the project to face a major challenge to what will happen to the project, a challenge which is not solved to the date. The architect and the municipality of Hamedan were not able to come up with a feasible solution and decided to open the Holy Quran Hall of Hamedan to the public in 2016 with its dome being left uncovered.

View of the Holy Quran Hall of Hamedan as a landmark from Hamedan-Lalejin Road. Image © Hamid Rajaee

The bad news is not only special panels are needed to withstand the prevailing wind of Hamedan but also, the structure of the geodesic dome started to decay and currently some parts of it has been repaired. It is noteworthy that one of the pros of geodesics domes is that they are still safe and operative if even some of its structural elements being collapsed. However, the municipality needs 3,000,000,000 Iranian Rials (8,0000 USD) per year to maintain the structure.

Night view of the Holy Quran Hall of Hamedan from Eram Boulevard. Image © Mohammad Javad Kasae

Iran's Hamedan is chosen as the Hub of Asia Tourism in 2018 and The Hall is being reviewed by authorities to be announced as one of the tourist attractions of Hamedan. Despite of the fact that the uncovered dome can be considered as a landmark in Hamedan, an early stage feasibility study of the project might have prevented the current challenges. 

But the most important question is why architects such as Alitajer, who tries to avoid egotism and strongly insist on principles of the traditional architecture, tried to design a project that by no means can be conformed to their principles? Why this so called traditional project with current technology tried not only to design something that can use panels that are produced in the country, but it went far beyond its own principle and wanted to use panels from Germany? Isn’t it in contrast with indigenous materials principle? Are these architects using the principles of the traditional architecture as a propaganda for just getting the projects? Or is this just a try and error way of progressing in traditional architecture in the modern day?

The  Holy Quran Hall of Hamedan. Image © Mohammad Javad Kasae

Whatever the answer might be, it should be apparent that the geodesic dome is already considered as a landmark and has changed its context. Also, it is a nice high-tech dome and maybe, one of the earliest precedents of its kind in the country. But if the dome is considered as a mistake, then no vine can cover it!

Notes: Hamedan is a city in the west of Iran. It is also spelled as Hamadan, but it is officially known as Hamedan.

Eram Boulevard of Hamedan is used as a leisure street for locals. Also, it is one of the most expensive streets in Hamedan.

Top image © Mohammad Javad Kasae

> via Tasnim News, Mehr News, and  Gholam Hossein Memarian's book, titled "Sabk shenasi Memari Irani (The Style of Iranian Architecture)"